The Video above shows how Dr. Chris Nguan is using his $5,000,000 grant. He is researching the use of robots in surgery and how they effect the recovery of the patient. Dr. Nguan states, "We're moving away from big incision in surgery and the robot is the next step in the delvery of minimally-invasive surgery." "The traditional approach to kidney surgery meant a 20-30 centimeter incision for the patient, seven to 10 days in hospital, pain and trauma to the kidney. With the Surgical robots, we can make three to four small puncture wounds, operate with precision and the patient is good to go home in two days."
It is easy to see the benefit for the use of robots in the operating room, but the cost is great and hospitals are being forced to rationalize whether or not the cost of the robot will be offset by the amount of surgeries they are able to use it for.
In this article on news-medical.net, the author looks at different aspects of how robots effect the finances of the hospital. The article specifically is looking at the use of robots in prostate surgery, which was given the green flag by the FDA in 2001.
The use of robotics within the medical community is not necessarily new, but there are constant advancements, as are seen with Dr. Nguan's results. However, it is likely that the cost to have surgery involving these robots will rise in order to cover the expenses of the hospital. They will not only have to pay the surgeon, but the bill for their robot as well.
Study Guide Questions:
1. Who is the doctor featured in the video?
2. What are the advantages to using robots in Minimally Invasive Surgery?
3. According to the article, what was the study used to determine, and what was the outcome?
NYU Langone Medical Center. "Surgical Robot Acquisition Increases Rate of Surgery to Treat Prostate Cancer." News-Medical.Net. 11 Mar. 2011. Web. 12 Mar. 2011. http://www.news-medical.net/news/20110311/Surgical-robot-acquisition-increases-rate-of-surgery-to-treat-prostate-cancer.aspx.